Energy and Climage Change Legislation
H.R. 2454 American Clean Energy and Security Act
The American Clean Energy and Security Act was written with four titles, including:
Title 1: Clean Energy
The title increases renewable fuels used to generate electricity establishes by establishing a Renewable Electricity Standard of 20% by 2020 (20% of electrical generation must come from renewable fuels); Carbon Capture and Sequestration; Clean Transportation; and Smart Grid issues.
Title 2: Energy Efficiency
This title increases energy efficiency in buildings (building codes required to increase energy efficiency standards by 50% by 2016) ; increases lighting and appliance efficiency; transportation efficiency (non-road vehicle and motor emission standards), utility energy efficiency, and industrial energy efficiency.
Title 3: Reducing Global Warming (Safe Climate Act)
The title would provide for the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) by adding a new Title VII to the Clean Air Act. It would implement greenhouse gas reductions through a cap and trade program. To achieve reductions it would cap emissions and gradually reduce the emissions cap. Businesses unable to meet the cap would have the opportunity to purchase offset credits from entities that are able to sequester carbon (reduce GHG). Agriculture is not specifically included in the offset program.
Title 4: Transitioning to a Clean Energy Economy
This title provides rebates to industries that suffer losses as a result of entities moving to other countries as a result of this legislation, or that suffer losses resulting from imports from other countries that do not have the same or similar carbon costs. This title primarily applies to manufacturing and industrial sectors.Details of the legislation can be found at The Committee on Energy and Commerce site or directly on the PDF
Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)
The 2007 Energy legislation included an RFS. The RFS is a biofuels mandate broken down into the following categories. The current RFS includes several schedules for biofuels: conventional, advanced, cellulosic and alternative diesel.
- The conventional biofuels RFS schedule begins at 9 billion gallons in 2008, increases to 15 billion gallons in 2015 and includes only corn starch-based ethanol.
- The advanced biofuels schedule begins at 0.6 billion gallons in 2009 increasing to 21 billion gallons in 2022. The advanced biofuels schedule is further divided between cellulose and biodiesel. Any other renewable fuels will fall into the advanced schedule.
- The cellulosic biofuels schedule begins at 0.1 billion gallons in 2010 and increases to 16 billion gallons in 2022.
- The alternative diesel schedule begins at 0.5 billion gallons in 2009, and concludes at 3 billion in 2022.